The Use Of Adenosine Triphospate In Bodybuilding

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the source of energy that supports metabolism in body cells, tissues and the muscles. ATP is a biochemical way to use and store energy. In chemical terms ATP is an adenine nucleotide attached to three phosphates.

The bond between the second and third phosphate groups stores a lot of energy which is essential in fuelling body chemical reactions. Cells break this bond when they are in need of energy and in the process a diphosphate (ADP) and a free phosphate molecule are formed. Further breakdown of the diphosphate bond results in formation of adenosine monophosphate (AMP). On the other hand, cells store energy by forming an ATP molecule from ADP and phosphate.

Muscle cells and tissues require large amounts of ATP given the role they play in taking workload during training and workouts. There are special processes in the cells that cover buy sarms online t carbohydrates, proteins and fats into adenosine triphosphate. ATP is broken down during muscle contraction into ADP, a process that produces energy. ATP is made up of three components which are; ribose, adenine and three phosphates. Ribose is a five carbon sugar which forms the DNA basis. Adenine links rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms.


During workouts, breathing aids in cellular respiration in which essential nutrients are converted into ATP. During aerobic respiration oxygen is utilised to produce large amounts of ATP.

In anaerobic respiration there is an extremely fast replenishment of ATP, though in insufficient amount due to absence of oxygen. During intensive activities the ATP is obtained from stored ATP in our muscles.

When the stored ATP is diminished, the body generates more ATP by breaking down creatine phosphate in the muscles. However, the amount of creatine in our muscles is limited and the production of ATP from it is not long-term. Extensive exercise in body building compels the body to resort to even slower methods of ATP production which include glycolysis and oxidative phosporylation.

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